PTSD is a form of stress that results when someone faces or witnesses a traumatic event in their lives. Some of the causes of this disorder include someone experiencing or witnessing violence, sexual assault, car accidents, and traumatic childbirth among others. Some people have been sent to have PTSD after being involved in or seeing a close person and the sexual assault, car accidents, fires, violence and even traumatic childbirth. While it is okay for one to feel a level of stress after a traumatic event happens, there may be adverse effects to a person’s health when this anxiety goes on for more than a month. Statistics indicate that about 4% of the population is affected by this. The diagnosis for PTSD is through a variety of approaches. Find ways to understand how to look out for PTSD in this article.
One of the criteria is whereby a person is exposed to an event or events that involved or caused a threat of serious injury, sexual abuse, or death. The situation may be something that occurred to you, or you saw it happen to someone else. You could also have learned about the incident where someone was close to you was the one who suffered the event. It can also be that you have experienced repeated exposure to the details of a distressing event.
The second criterion is where one faces intrusive symptoms associated with the traumatic event. These can be reoccurring memories, repeated upsetting dreams, and flashbacks that because you feel as though the event is happening again.
The third criterion is that of avoidance of reminders that are associated with the traumatic event. One can find themselves avoiding any thought or emotion that serves as a reminder of the traumatic event. Avoidance can also be of people, situations, conversations, activities, and places that arouse the memory of the event.
Another way to establish the presence of PTSD is where there are unfavorable changes in thoughts and mood following the experience of a traumatic event. One may find themselves forgetting an essential detail of the event, being in a negative emotional state such as in fear or anger, and a failure to experience positive emotions. Person may even feel detached from people, lacking in interest for activities that they used to enjoy, and high levels of self-blame or blaming others concerning the traumatic event.
Another way to establish the presence of PTSD is through the changes in arousal following the experience of the event. One may observe changes through having problems sleeping, having difficulty in forecasting, aggressive behavior, being impulsive, and increased startle response.
The other criterion for determining PTSD is where one has some of the mentioned symptoms for more than a month. The same can be said when the experience symptoms interfere significantly with different areas of a person’s life and cause them distress. It should also be observed that the symptoms that are encountered are not as a result of a medical condition or substance use.
The diagnosis for PTSD can also be made after a month has elapsed after the incident occurred, and early intervention to help eliminate the anxiety can help the patient. Some of the procedures include desensitization, therapy, and medication.