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A Guide to Understanding What the Joint Cartilage Is and Its Importance

For the movable parts of the body, there are connective tissues that serve as cushion between the bone and joint. The flexible fibrous tissue therefore protects the moving bones from touching the joint which may cause a painful feeling referred to as a stiff. The human body consists of three types of cartilages that include the fibrocartilage, elastic cartilage and the Hyaline cartilage. One of the most important cartilages in the body is the joint cartilage which would cause arthritis if it was absent. The joint cartilage is officially referred to as the articular cartilage since it covers the entire surface where the articular bone meets with the joint. The joint cartilage can be understood as the cartilage that is responsible for preventing friction between the tibia and the femur near the knee region.

It is important to note that the chondroitin sulfate and type II collagen are the primary constituents of the cartilage. There is also a synovial fluid that helps to make smooth movements. Because of the location of the articular cartilage, it is therefore thicker than many other cartilages in the body.

You should bear in mind that one of the most important functions of the articular cartilage is to allow for movements between the bones and the joint. You should also take note of the fact that the joint cartilage will not get healed when it gets damaged because of a disorder or wear and tear. Unlike the other body tissues, you should note that the articular cartilage will not regrow or regenerate because there is no supply of nutrients to it.

In case your articular cartilage gets damaged, you can rectify it through surgical techniques. There is variation in the restoration procedures that are used and it is through x-rays that the extent of the damage can be explored. Since the surgical restoration of the articular cartilage is a sensitive procedure, it should not be done on every other person. Abrasion arthroplasty, autologous chondrocyte implantation, drilling and microfracture some of the widely used cartilage restoration procedures. In case you go through any of above cartilage restoration procedures, it is important for the patient to protect the area that was operated to ensure that the cartilage is going to heal well. You should consider rehabilitation which will involve a series of processes and physical therapy so that you can resume normal life. Be sure to visit the website of this company if you want to discover more about the joint cartilage.